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July 13, 2016

The Threat in Majority Rule

Filed under: Travel — baseball91 @ 3:02 PM
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In my own tradition. The embarrassment …of the things that you grabbed hold on at a young age…. and desire to still hold. Until becoming aware of the history. You are loyal to the State Department, to a president, a flag, mostly to a political party. Living in Morocco. Defending the King – as “our ally” if not your friend. Without much awareness of this King, in the audience, listening to the former U. S. Ambassador to Morocco – from where his power had come. About the King and his relation to Spain and Franco and the Spanish Civil War. During and after, accented by all the executions, of your enemies. Like kings could do. 

Church. State. The split. In my own tradition if not in my God. Like Sunnis and Shiitites. And Muslims.

Burren 4
After The Split: Shia Islam contrasted with Sunni Islam. The not understood split by outsiders about spiritual power. As the group now known as Sunnis chose Muhammad’s adviser, Abu Bakr, to become the first successor [caliph] to lead the Muslim STATE. The birth right. Passing it on. In contrast to the Hebrew Bible, this inheritance bounced over to the father of Muhammad’s wife. The group now known as Shiites favored Muhammad’s son-in-law / cousin, Ali. Because the adherents of Sunni Islam believe that Muhammad did not appoint a successor, Sunnis consider Abu Bakr (who was appointed Caliph through a consensual Shura) the successor. So the conflict, in Islam, seems over whether the future belongs to the past or to the next generation. In both cases, the inheritance – the authority linked to the power of Muhammad – was going to the in-laws, so outside the family of the Prophet.

blood
So did you note the missing blood in this story, when it comes to Muhammad’s blood?

Story-tellers. Pigeon flying. The aftermath of The Tradition. The Voice, of a trained poet and story-teller addressing issues of Church and State undivided, in the Muslim STATE. Shia Islam contrasted with Sunni Islam. So who is the correct Caliph [successor]? And does Sharia Law constitute a consensus? For the Sunnis, anyway?

Adherents of Shia Islam consider Ali to have been divinely appointed as the successor to Muhammad, and as the first Imam. According to Wikipedia, Shia Islam is based on the Quran. The successors of Ali [as well as Ali himself] are called imams, who not only lead the Shiites but are considered to be descendants of Muhammad, with the blood of a cousin? The second-largest branch of Islam, in 2009 Shia Muslims constituted 10 to 13 percent of the world’s Muslim population.

Chosen People. The split in the tradition. The blood in the story of Chosen People, once removed? The Authority with a concern of purity here, still. The enforcers for Church and State, as police and priests and armies. For the Sport of kings, after the split in Church and State. What was Hemingway’s quote about Communism in the Civil War in Spain –he loved the soldier, the firmness of the belief of the soldier, but hated the priests of communism. Shia scholars link their Authority to the family of the prophets as demonstrated in verse 3:33-34: “Indeed, Allah chose Adam and Noah and the family of Abraham and the family of ‘Imran over the worlds…”

Cain and Abel. Majority rule? Sharia Law. Was it the method of worship centered upon the splitting by Noah of the pigeon? Sunnism and Shiaism are both the end product of several centuries of competition. The majority of the Islam world population – 1.6 billion people – is Sunni. There is, like between Cain and Abel, a battle over if not the narrative of Islam, the proper way to pray. Sunnis believe that the companions of Muhammad were the true believers because the companions were “tasked” with compiling the narration of the Quran. Furthermore, this narration from the perspective of the companions (ahadith) are a second source of knowledge of Sunni Islam.

Behold the split! Cain and Abel. The War over Modernity in world history, since the birth of freedom in the New World. Did you ever follow the history of the Jesuits for 250 years, in many different nations of Europe, as the concept of Nationalism as a religion replaced a universal Christian Faith itself so split more than 500 years ago. The War of the Roses. The Peace of Westphalia. 1648.

Behold the banishment, even in the first years in the 20th Century, in Paris. Of the Jesuits. Again. As the State acquired an ownership in the mostly Catholic Churches.

How did Cain kill the second-born brother? And as the tribes of Abraham grew, a gang mentality to inflict death/war on those nations who did not pray or govern as we govern/pray, grew but not much different than the original difference of opinion that Cain had with the manner Abel prayed.

Sharia is derived hierarchically using one or more guidelines. In early Muslim communities, “jurists” were more concerned with pragmatic issues of Authority and teaching than with legal theory. Two primary sources of Sharia are The Quran and opinions in the Hadiths with life examples of Muhammad). The Sharia concept of crime, judicial process, justice and punishment embodied in Sharia – with Capital punishment – is different from that of secular law in Western nations. The guidelines are Qiyas (analogy derived from the primary sources of The Quran and opinions in the Hadiths); Ijma (the consensus of Muhammad’s companions); Istihsan (ruling that serves the interest of Islam in the discretion of Islamic jurists); and Urf (customs). What does Sharia say about DNA evidence, and Unjust justice, when the wrong life is taken? What does Sharia say about rape and murder, as the world population is transformed in urban life? How does one crime/sin compare to the next in this “judicial” process? Are there “mortal” sins? Are there unforgivable sin? Is there conflict of this one-time tribal perspective to the traditional Western Judeo-Christian perspective?

There is an inherent threat when everyone is to think alike, as much when people do not think at all. In the western world, the threat is seen while watching CNN or reviewing all of this thoughtless social media. In the western world, the threat is seen by those who want to legalize marijuana, by people who do not want to think at all. The threat is now of majority rule – one way of thinking – to an artist who question the status quo. There is the inherent threat of majority rule to minorities, this year in particular with favored candidates for public office in the United States. And was that inherent threat when everyone is to think alike the basis of the conflict of Cain with Abel, over the method to sacrifice?

The old threat of Chosen People, not much different than the threats that kings posed to their subjects in places all over the world in world history, was over Authority. To give someone Authority over me. In the secular world of the West, there is no requirement to give the Creator authority over me, in my life. In the nation where I lived, it is different. Who had Authority? Of Church/State, who should have Spiritual power, like the Prophet? How did you develop a divine Spiritual power on matters of Church and State?

How did such perfect people, the companions of Muhammad, need to change? Was it hard to be married to such perfect people? Were– the true believers – really such perfect people? If the answer is yes, why were there even concepts of crime, with a judicial process? For such perfect people, why are the modern companions of Muhammad unable to convince the every day perfect people to forgive? Where is the justice in their punishments embodied in Sharia – with so little ability to change, over capital offenses?

On matters of full disclosure, I believe in the God of Abraham. One branch called Islam teaches that God is Omnipresent, as well as Merciful; it is the Mercy of God, which merits salvation for a Muslim. And this theology is little different from the theology to which I adhere. According to Wikipedia, Islam teaches Repentance that must not be used to sin any further, which might explain all of these suicide bombs in the news. Is that what comes out of a distorted understanding of the God of Abraham? By adherents who do not seem to have studied at institutions in much of any depth, for this faith that they espouse so loudly.

What is the Spirit in the LAND of ISIS except one of everyday fear? When you have absolute power, what will happen in the Islamic State … to imperfect people? What are the limits to the range of actions available to a ruler? How can a ruler so easily decree or reinterpret law independently and expect the continued support of the community? With The Committee for the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice? Would there even be a judicial branch with a separation of powers from the correct Caliph [the successor to Muhammad]? And if you separated a judicial power from the execution of the law, would you ever separate Church and State on matter how frequently your subjects prayed? Or for how long?

To discover the Middle. After all the fly-overs, to find your own middle and come to know the Spirit of a LAND by studying history.

So whether here or in the Middle east, who is and who would determine exactly what is a Muslim? What was in the middle of a Muslim? Would only Sunnis be allowed in the Islamic State? Did Abu Bakr love Muhammad’s son-in-law/cousin, Ali? Did Muhammad love Ali? Did Muhammad love Abu Bakr? What God had Abu Bakr believed in before Muhammad came along? Was there a forced conversion of Abu Bakr? What would be the concept of love in the Islamic State? Would Abraham and all of his sons be welcome, or was the world view more like that of Cain’s on the day that he killed, somehow, Abel? Wikipedia tells me that a Muslim believes no one can gain salvation simply by virtue of their belief or deeds. So why are all these young men fighting …. and sacrificing who they perceive to be the imperfect infidels? When Abraham, according the shared belief went to Mount Moriah to sacrifice his PERFECT son. As all of these Muslim women flee this distorted concept of God by the minority, would they come to learn in refugee camps about The Peace of Westphalia, and listen in horror –like Hagar — to stories like that of Abraham trying to sacrifice her first born son?

So at war’s end – in the case of this War on Terror – in a society now based upon majority rule, as is so often the case, at war’s end in the 20th Century – the remnants of war carried this fear as my neighbors begin to think only one way. Whether Church or State — with all of the secrets connected to the atrocities of war — would the world ever return to the day to work harder on shared belief, with more concern about my own middle, and less concern about the stranger’s? Not with cameras against cameras, in the battle over truth, but with story-tellers, looking deeper about a Spirit in a LAND?

Like pigeon flying, with a trained poet and story-teller, in his own tradition. Working harder on all the living emotions in story-telling, about pigeons once from Syria.

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5 Comments »

  1. https://www.quilliaminternational.com/about/
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    Speaking of rebellion, ISIS is in the process of trying to form a nation. If there are any scholars connected to the movement to form a new nation, some leader might pause to consider what John Adams wrote about his rival Thomas Jefferson in a letter to John Quincy Adams: “Ambition is the subtlelest beast of the intellectual and moral field, wonderfully adroit at concealing itself from its owner.”

    In any movement involving the moral fields of the world, beware the individuals in pursuit of temporal power, based solely upon force, using shared belief to unite a part of the world. The original, complete and universal version of a primordial faith that has been revealed many times before through the great prophets is the underlying belief in Islam.

    If you wondered about the countries with the highest percentage of Muslims – more than 90% of the population – should the next world war be based upon God and religion, just as in the beginning between Abel and Cain, they are Mauritania, Maldives, Afghanistan, Tunisia, Iran, Morocco, Yemen, Tajikistan, Iraq, Somalia, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Niger, Comoros, Algeria, Palestinian Territories, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Djibouti, Libya, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, Senegal, Kosovo, Gambia, Mali, Jordan, Turkmenistan, Egypt and Syria. Nations where more than seventy percent of the public is Muslim are Kyrgyzstan, Oman, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Guinea, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Sierra Leone, Kazakhstan, Bahrain, and Brunei.

    When you lived under a dominant power, the minority as well as artists could feel threatened in their creation,like in countries significantly Muslim, with greater than 50% of the population, such as Malaysia, Burkina Faso, Lebanon, Albania, Chad, Nigeria, and Bosnia-Herzegovina. Based upon pure numbers. countries with the world’s largest Muslim population (more than 10 million, in million) are: Indonesia (205 million), Pakistan (178 million), India (172 million), Bangladesh (145.6 million), Nigeria (94 million), Iran (74.8 million), Turkey (74.6 million), Egypt (73.8 million), Algeria (40.4 milion), Sudan (39.0 million), Morocco (32.3 million), Iraq (31.1 million), Afghanistan (29.0 million), Uzbekistan (26.8 million), Saudi Arabia (25.5 million), Ethiopia (25.0 million), China (24.8 million), Yemen (24.0 million), Syria (20.8 million), and Niger (19.5 million).

    Comment by baseball91 — November 2, 2016 @ 3:22 PM | Reply

  2. In your own tradition, is there ever the embarrassment … of the things that you grabbed hold on at a young age…. and desire to still hold? if you grew up on the age of recycling, with a certain amount of worship of this recycled emptiness, which is a political movement. So there are the sorting facilities, shipping its plastic to China.

    Did you get a recent a shock from the man at the sorting facility, at the ‘facility’ which has been shipping its plastic – your plastic – to China? Suddenly that is no longer possible. China has used recyclables from around the world for thirty or forty years.

    “The fellow said we don’t take plastic anymore. It should go in the trash.”

    “It just keeps coming and coming and coming,” said one re-cycling employee.

    After decades of China sorting through all this recycled stuff, China no longer wants it. Your plastic — your American emptiness — has become converted back into garbage. The United States exports one-third of its recycled emptiness, with nearly half going to China.

    http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/11/30/qa-the-challenges-of-estimating-the-size-of-europes-muslim-population/

    Speaking of the former ambassador to Morocco, at his former law firm which has done work for the Minnesota Vikings, “Attorney Chris Madel, who has run high-profile INTERNAL investigations for prominent organizations, like the Minnesota Vikings, is leaving Robins Kaplan LLP to start his own downtown firm. On March 6, 2017, Madel PA will start doing business. The former chair of Robins Kaplan’s business litigation department from Waseca, Minnesota said after nearly 17 years at Robins Kaplan, he is going alone but bringing six colleagues from his former firm with him. ‘Fulfilling a life-long goal.’” Sam Kaplan had been doing work for the Vikings, from the beginning.

    Comment by baseball91 — March 6, 2017 @ 10:28 AM | Reply

  3. Opening the first high-level meeting of a kingdom-led alliance of 41 Muslim nations against terrorism, the Saudi Crown Prince vowed that extremists will no longer “tarnish our beautiful religion.” The alliance of 41 nations excludes Iraq, Iran, and Iran, Iraq or Syria, while member nation Qatar sent no one to attend the one-day event at the Saudi capital. The Riyadh gathering demonstrates the split in Islam as well as a diplomatic split of Qatar with the kingdom of Saudi Arabia and three other Arab nations[Bahrain, UAE, and Omar] over ending support to ‘extremists’ and terrorists. Saudi Arabia announced the alliance of the gestating 41 nations in December 2015, when Mohammed bin Salman, Saudi Arabia’s crown prince, was still Saudi defense minister, before being elevated to the next in line to the throne. The one-day king must see the existential threat to the existence of the group of nation, by their ongoing support by their citizens and in just how did this ‘situation’ spin out of control to such a degree without anyone in position of power to stop it?

    The Crown Prince might have been wise to use as an opening song the Janis Joplin tune, when it comes to freedom to worship:

    “Freedom’s just another word for nothin’ left to lose
    Nothin’, don’t mean nothin’ hon’ if it ain’t free …no no.
    And, feelin’ good was easy, Lord, when he sang the blues,
    You know, feelin’ good was good enough for me.”

    Comment by baseball91 — November 26, 2017 @ 2:42 PM | Reply

  4. https://www.womenforwomen.org/what-we-do

    In the prayer of Thomas More: “Grant me, O Lord, good digestion, and also something to digest.

    Maria Rosa Menocal’s books is a close examination of Islamic history in Spain. If you read it, you knew the history of one thousand years ago, of the year 1000 crisis.

    The sole survivor of the massacre at the estate of Rusafa was Abd al-Rahman. The Abbaasid Islamic kingdom, with the eerie resemblance of what happened from Jerusalem to Rome, is what happened from Medina to Damascus to Baghdad when resembling nothing so much as a fortress. The capital – the heart of a Establishing their own Authority required eliminating the rival. Especially previous claimants to Authority. To move away to establish Authority. Until the end of the story.

    Did you know of the long hostility of the Church of Rome against all other Abrahamic religions? There is the antisemitism against the Jews, despite the origins of Jesus. Speaking of original sin. And there then was the hostility against Islam from the beginning. “The entire Eastern patrimony was swept under Muslim sovereignty in the 7th and 8th centuries,” per Menocal. As old capital cities returned to if not dust, an abysmal existence. Abd al-Rahman was creating the ill-understood crucial distinction in Spain between Islam and things Arabic, maybe like those Saudis of 9/11 never quite grasped, about the hole and the spirituality of holes. The true defender of the faith? Ali was married to the Prophet’s daughter, Fatima, which was his claim to power. Without a named successor. In The Age of Barbarians? With the collapse of Rome. The pan-European migrations of ‘german’ tribes. Civil ordering gone. Assimilation? Absorbed?

    In 1009, bitter civil war began between rival Muslim factions.

    “Play it again, Sam.”

    A Civil society undone. When religious rivalry was mostly an ideological conceit, rather than any kind of determining reality.

    “Didn’t I tell you never to play that song again?”

    “On the other hand, Muslims later chose to clean off the Temple Mount and build their structure (The Dome of the Rock) OVER the site where the Jewish Temple stood. Building over Judaism’s holiest site was their way of ‘proving’ that Islam had supplanted Judaism. In addition, the dome of the Dome of the Rock is slightly larger than the dome of the Holy Sepulcher and Arabic inscription, taken from Sura 112 of the Koran ,on the inside of the Dome of the Rock reads: “Say: He is God alone: God the eternal! He has no children, and He was not born…” an obvious attack against the Christian concept of Jesus as the son of God. (Islam teaches that Jesus was a prophet, that Jesus never died on the cross, and that the notion that God has children is a pagan idea. On this Judaism would also agree.) The Dome of the Rock therefore is an architectural demonstration of Islamic theology: Islam is the one true faith. Judaism and Christianity are false.” — source, https://www.simpletoremember.com/articles/a/the_jews_of_babylon/

    Riot. Over going to war, or over civil rights, riot! What is most true about civil commotion and the riots of the 1960s at college? “A riot is the language of the unheard,” said Martin Luther King. Out of the need mixed with desire to become vested, in a land. And the next generation, with all this cyberspace, felt the anguish in both living with and without the God of their ancestors. When there once again is no THERE there.

    Do you know of all the distractions once you or your Sacrifice – compared to destruction, Noah? – is discovered? To prove a point, through sacrifice. Yes, behold all the danger in the taking of the name of the Lord thy God in vain.

    For your own vanity. Did it sound like September 11? The church was destroyed in 1009 by the caliph [call him the papal successor to Mohamed]. So often fought over inside Islam again, like between the Saudis and the Iranians these days. Over the Inheritance. Issuing a papal bull calling for Muslims to be driven from the Holy Land, after the destruction of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, had this been like the passage of The Patriot Act by Congress, with so little reflection? This papal bull — if there had even been one in 1009 — long a matter of debate, rejected at length by scholar Aleksander Gieysztor, who suggested that it was actually invented around the later time one hundred years later of the First Crusade in order justify that expedition to Jerusalem …. by Pope Urban ll.

    In February 962, the pope and the emperor ratified the Diploma Ottonianum, in which the emperor German king and emperor of the Ottonian Saxon dynasty, notably Otto the Great and then Henry II, became the guarantor of the independence of the papal states. It had been the Crescentii family who most threatened papal independence; the clan’s triumph was in the later 10th century as they produced one pope from among their number — John XIII. And then controlled most of the others. The intervention in Italian affairs by the Ottonian Saxon dynasty in 961 was not in Crescentii interests. The long-forgotten pope, per Wikipedia, reigning in 1009 died in 1012, with speculation that he was murdered as he died within a week of his own patron, from the extended family of Crescentius who had essentially ruled Rome and controlled the Papacy from the middle of the 10th century until the nearly simultaneous deaths of their puppet pope Sergius IV and John ll Crescentius, the patricius of the clan in 1012. A struggle flared between the Crescentii who installed their candidate, Gregory, in the Lateran, without the assent of the cardinals. The failure of this bold attempt and the rival Tusculani pontificate of Tusculan pope Benedict VIII – whose powerful protector was the King of the Germans, Henry II, whom he crowned Emperor in Rome in 1014 – forced the Crescentii out of Rome.

    “It is interesting to contrast the Christian and Muslim treatment of the Temple Mount. Part of the early Christian world view was that because the Jews had rejected Jesus, God had destroyed the Temple and exiled the Jews. Leaving the Temple Mount in ruins and filled with garbage was the ‘Christian way’ of proving this theological point for hundred of years. The Byzantines then built their Church of the Holy Sepulcher (the traditional site of Crucifixion and burial of Jesus) to the west of Temple Mount and ABOVE the remaining Temple Mount platform which served as a physical demonstration of the victory of Christianity over the Judaism.” — source, https://www.simpletoremember.com/articles/a/the_jews_of_babylon/

    Compare/contrast taxing and sacrificing. Your manner of sacrifice. The greatest…sacrifice? Ours? Behold The Dome on the Rock! The Mosque, on The Temple Mount. Taking the name of the Lord in vain. Did you read the story this week of The Authorities, closing the Church of the Holy Sepulchre [sic]. In protest. Taxing Christian churches in 2018.

    From a time when people were as uncivil in matters of religion as they now are over politics. In September 29, 1009, Al-Hakim ordered a governor to demolish the area around Constatine’s original Church of the Holy Sepulchre. When iron hammers were ineffectual against the bedrock foundations of the tomb, authorities resorted to burning, per Pringle’s Churches of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: Volume 3. Desecrations were not only carried out on Christian sites in around Jerusalem but Al-Hakim continued his campaign of destruction against Jewish houses of worship in 1011 and 1013-14. If you believe Wikipedia, “Al-Hakim launched persecutions against dhimmis [Jews forced to wear wooden blocks around their necks, and Christians made to wear crosses] which lasted throughout his reign. Only fear of retaliatory attacks on Mosques in Christian lands halted the practice.

    What is the take-away….today? Compare/contrast taxing and sacrificing. The manner of sacrifice. The Dome on the Rock. The great Mosque built on the site of the Roman temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, which the Natives recalled as the site of The Temple Mount. The greatest. … Taking the name of the Lord in vain, For just us! Even in the days of the Roman Empire. Did you know after he had served as quaestor in Hispania, his first wife Cornelia having died the previous year in giving birth to her son who was stillborn, that Julius Caesar remarried in 67 BCE to Pompeia, the daughter of Lucius Cornelius Cinna. So Caesar was related as they both were related to the leaders of the losing populares side in the civil war of the 80s BCE. Caesar was the nephew of Gaius Marius. In 63 BC Caesar was elected to the position of chief priest of the Roman state religion – the Pontifex Maximus – which came with an official residence on the Via Sacra.

    And now in Israel, the church Authorities, closing the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, because the Israeli state was about to tax Christian churches, at the one place where God’s divine presence is manifested more than in any other place, towards. which Jews turn during prayer.

    Comment by baseball91 — January 3, 2018 @ 6:55 PM | Reply


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